Site Server -
The server on which you install the ConfigMgr software.
Server - The server running SQL and hosting the ConfigMgr Site Database (only
required for Primary Sites).
Console - The interface for administering ConfigMgr. Installed by default on
Primary Site Servers this role can also be installed on workstations to
allow remote administration.
SMS Provider - The
intermediate Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI), layer that sits
between the Configuration Manager Console and the Site Database (the
Configuration Manager Console accesses the Site Database via the SMS
Provider). Only required for Primary Sites.
Component Server -
All ConfigMgr Site System roles (except for the Distribution Point (DP)),
requires ConfigMgr-specific software to be installed in order for the Site System
role to function. When such software is installed on a computer that
computer becomes a Component Server.
Distribution Point (DP)
- Stores ConfigMgr Packages from where Clients can access them to install
them. Only required for the Software Distribution, Software Updates,
and Advertised Task Sequences functions of ConfigMgr
Branch Distribution Point (BDP)
- Allows a workstation to act as a DP in a remote location with
typically less than ten workstations thus removing the need to install a
Secondary Site Server.
Fallback Status Point - A "catch all" Site
System for Clients that cannot be installed because of various issues such
as assignment, or their inability to communicate with their Management Point
(MP). Not required by default, but recommended to help with Client
Management Point (MP) - ConfigMgr Clients do not
communicate directly with the ConfigMgr Site Server and vice versa. Instead
all communication is facilitated via the Management Point. A Default
Management Point needs to be defined in every Site that has Intranet
Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) Service Point
- The Site System that responds to any computers requesting deployment
of their Operating System (OS), via a PXE request. Only required if
Operating System Deployments (OSD), are going to take place using PXE boot
Proxy Management Point (PMP) - Installed at
Secondary Sites to act like a "funnel" to control Client communications both
for Policy and uploading of data such as Inventory. Once the Proxy MP has
been created, Advanced Clients retrieve Policy information from the Proxy MP
which in turn queries the MP on the Primary directly on the Client’s behalf.
In addition Advanced Clients upload their data to the Proxy MP rather than
the MP on the Primary directly. In this way the Proxy MP can bundle up the
data it receives from the Clients and then using the Secondary Site’s Sender
forward it onto the Primary.
Reporting Point (RP) - Hosts the Report
Viewer component that provides the web-based reporting functionality of
ConfigMgr. Only required if Reports need to be run on a particular Primary Site.
Server Locator Point (SLP) -
Responsible for informing ConfigMgr Clients which MP they should access in order
to install the ConfigMgr Client software. Only required in some Client Deployment
Software Update Point (SUP) - Assigned to the
computer running Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). Only required
if the Software Updates feature is going to be used.
State Migration Point (SMP) - Stores the user's
state migration data when a computer's OS is migrated. Only required
if the OSD feature is going to be used.
System Health Validator Point (SHVP) - This
role is assigned to the computer running the Network Policy Service.
Only required if the Network Access Protection (NAP) feature is going to be